CBDCs- Central bank digital currencies are conversion of cash in digital format which is regulated by the central bank. They are safer than cryptocurrency as they are not volatile. Central bank is still in the process of accustoming itself with the pieces related to digital money.
CBDCs are not a new concept. It has been here for around 3 decades. Firstly, the Bank of Finland in 1993 launched the Avant smart card, which is an electric form of cash. Although it crashed in early 2000. But it can be considered the world’s first CBDC. Recently, they have multiplied globally so it is very early for CBDCs to judge how far it will go. Though, it is building capacity to tackle new technologies.
CBDCs are designed efficiently. They are safer with greater availability and lower costs than private forms of digital money. This central bank digital currency is unmatched. Varied countries have varied motives behind issuing CBDCs. More than 100 countries are exploring CBDCs.
Besides financial corporations, CBDCs can create flexibility in the domestic payment system. This will increase efficiency in payments and in turn lower transaction costs. This will surely increase the transparency.
Many potential benefits of CBDC are defined on the paper but central banks will first need to verify that there is a gripping reason for it. Also there is a risk attached with issuing CBDC. The user can withdraw too much money from banks at once to withdraw CBDCs. This will create crises. For this there should be proper security measurements for data privacy and financial honesty.
Initiating CBDC is essentially be met creating a balance between developments on the design front and on the policy front. Learning from experiences, time, and resources will help to improve the designs. Adding new features will help to progress.
No doubt, CBDCs provide efficient financial services at lower cost, more clarity in financial flows but it has also increased the new threat and needs an upper degree of technical and regulatory complexity.
Developing new legal frameworks will definitely supreme the policy aspect. Remember that trust is gained by central banks with a record of delivering on their terms.
CBDCs have positive impacts like the flow of physical cash will be reduced and the transactions can be used for online and offline transfer. Also, the transaction speed will be faster. It is prominently beneficial for the people of developing nations because there the banking services are limited and CDCs are also offering digital alternatives to cash.
On the other hand this will also increase the supervision of the financial transactions. This will raise security concerns. The execution of CBDCs will be expensive and also the threat to incorporate it in the existing payment systems. It will also impact the monetary policy of the central bank in a negative way. It will be limited due to CBDCs.
Hence, it is concluded that countries are eager to try digital forms of money.
CBDC benefits in a way by resulting better payment efficiency and also by indulging tools like new monetary policy. Besides, they also raise financial privacy concerns, cybersecurity, and commercial bank disintermediation.